The Fascinating History of the Modern Roulette Game

Roulette is one of the most renowned casino games globally; enjoyed by a vast number of players online and live. How did the game evolve? Keep reading the article to discover the captivating history of Roulette, starting from its early origins to the more sophisticated online 20p Roulette versions played today.

When was Roulette Invented?

Roulette was invented by Blaise Pascal in the year 1655. Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician and physicist who had devoted his time to a perpetual motion machine. According to Blaise Pascal, a perpetual machine was a machine that could run on its own without requiring any external energy. Pascal knew this was against the laws of physics, and ultimately his quest to build his product was unsuccessful. Instead, Pascal triumphed at inventing the most renowned casino games in the world.

blaise pascal's roulette wheel

According to Roulette history books, the game was first played in France in 1796. During this time, Roulette wheels constituted a single zero and a double zero. However, in 1843, the Roulette wheel was reformed to a single zero to aid casinos to entice business.

Americans Embrace the Roulette Wheel

Traditionally, the most popular and well-known versions of Roulette are American & European, This goes back the 1790s. Roulette casino games became popular in the US, particularly New Orleans, which was later transformed into a gambling capital. The idea of the roulette wheel was brought to the US by French immigrants, and in a quick turnaround, it became the most popular casino game in Louisiana.

The evolution of the American the Roulette wheel has given it a completely different look from the original French 17th and 18th wheels. Rather than 38 numbers on the roulette wheel constituting 1 to 36, 0 and 00, the Roulette wheel comprises 28 numbers, two zeros, and an American Eagle image on the wheel. But due to traditionalist casino players' displeasure, the American Eagle symbol was removed not long after. In a bid to have the extra edge, US casinos settled for two zeros on the Roulette wheel rather than standard zero that features in all European Roulette casinos. Many casino players prefer to play the European version, as the American Roulette extra zero renders the house an extra edge.

Fascinating Facts about Roulette

  • Roulette is sometimes known as ‘The Devil’s Game’. This is because all of the numbers on the Roulette Wheel total 666 when added up!
  • The house edge in the American-style Roulette game is nearly twice as much as in the European-style game. This is because the American Roulette wheel has a double green zero square, whereas the European tables have a single zero.
  • A Roulette wheel at a casino in Las Vegas is reported to have hit the number 19 seven times consecutively in 2012. The chances of this are one in three billion!
  • The ball featured in the game is made of either plastic or ivory, and the pockets on the Roulette wheel are separated by small divider walls called ‘frets’.
  • In 2004, Ashley Revell sold everything he owned and placed a bet of roughly £77,000 one a single spin of the Roulette wheel. This nail-biting risk paid off, and Revell walked away with close to £154,000!
  • Casinos must ensure that Roulette wheels are seated correctly. If not, its position can influence the ball to land within a specific area of the wheel more frequently than any other area. The wheel can be checked for proper positioning by studying the manner in which light is reflected from the wheel.

The Internet Brings Roulette to the Masses

Up to 1995, casino games were played manually. It wasn’t until 1996 when the first online casino was unveiled. The configured games were only accessible in a few slot machines and several blackjack tables. It didn't take long before online Roulette hit the internet, however, just like other online casino games. When people realized how enticing betting on red was from the comfort of their residential places, the popularity of Roulette online casino games skyrocketed.

These ensured players weren't limited to a particular type of Roulette too. The popular online casinos render European, French and American casinos that give players a wide variety of casino games to choose from. Roulette, just like any other invention, didn't happen overnight. To date, Roulette players can place bets from their home comforts using various devices such as iPhones, PCs, Android, etc.

live online roulette croupier

Despite the invention of cheap 20p Roulette online, many players continued to play at casinos in public places for the sake of social interaction, which is limited in online casinos. As a result, top gambling sites were encouraged to partner with live dealers. Rather than computer spawned graphics for the wheel, live dealers use a webcam to spin.