European Roulette vs American Roulette - What is The Difference?

Casino players are spoilt for choice when it comes to games. One of the oldest and most popular games you'll find in both online and land-based casino is Roulette. This popular game has a few variants, but American and European Roulette top the list as the most commonly played versions.

If you're interested in playing American or European roulette, it's a good idea to do some research and understand what differentiates the two. This will help you determine the version that suits your play style.

Without further ado, let's check out the main difference between American and European Roulette.

American v European Roulette

Numbers on a Roulette Wheel

The European Roulette wheel features 37 pockets, with numbers 1-36 and a single zero (0).  American Roulette, on the other hand, has 38 pockets. It features numbers 1-36, a single zero (0), and a double zero (00).

Keep in mind that both versions have an equal number of red and black pockets that alternate completely. The zero pockets are green.

Wheel Sequence

The European wheel follows a different sequence to its American counterpart. In a clockwise direction, here is how the numbers on the wheel will appear.

  • American Roulette: 0, 28, 9, 26, 30, 11, 7, 20, 32, 17, 5, 22, 34, 15, 3, 24, 36, 13, 1, 00, 27, 10, 25, 29, 12, 8, 19, 31, 18, 6, 21, 33, 16, 4, 23, 35, 14, 2.
  • European roulette: 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2, 25, 17, 34, 6, 27, 13, 36, 11, 30, 8, 23, 10, 5, 24, 16, 33, 1, 20, 14, 31, 9, 22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26.

While the sequence differs, numbers on both wheels are carefully designed and balanced without bias. It's not easy for players to identify any relation between numbers and sectors. The wheels look completely random.

House Edge

House edge is perhaps the most defining aspect, as it affects the odds of winning. Because of the extra double zero (00) slot, American Roulette has an average house advantage of 5.26%. European Roulette has a significantly lower house edge, which is around 2.70%. This is a huge difference.

Most players prefer the European version because the chances of winning are slightly higher. This is quite understandable, considering it is the same game with the same payouts and level of excitement.

Rules

While both American and European Roulette typically follow similar basic rules, there are a few additional rules that separate the two. With the American version, a player loses all the outside bets if the ball lands on the zero slot. When it comes to European Roulette, the outside bets are not completely lost, thanks to the En Prison and La Partage rules.

The En Prison rule allows you to have one more spin of the same outside bet. If zero comes on the next play, then you lose your bet. With the La Partage rule, you have the option to recover half of your wagering amount.

Which Version of Roulette is Best?

So now that you know the differences between the American version and the European version of the game of Roulette, which type should you play? Well, the answer to this ultimately comes down to personal preferences. Many people prefer European Roulette thanks to its lower house edge and the En Prison rule which can actively benefit the player, resulting in greater chances of a win. Regardless of its comparative disadvantages for players, American Roulette also remains a hugely popular casino game.

There you have it, and we hope these differences help you make an informed decision. Why not test your new knowledge on our 20p roulette table!

American Roulette vs European Roulette – Which was the Original Version?

The original version of the game of Roulette is in fact what is now known as American Roulette, despite being devised in Europe – but both versions of the game date back centuries. The earliest version of the game was created in France in the 18th century and had a single zero and double zero pockets on the wheel, akin to the modern-day American Roulette wheel. In Germany in 1843, however, two Frenchmen introduced the single zero Roulette wheel in competition with the original version.

In the 19th century, the game of Roulette became immensely popular across Europe and the USA. The single zero Roulette wheel became the dominant game in Europe and the rest of the world, but in the USA, the original French double zero Roulette wheel flourished.